shostakovich string quartet no 8 wiki

8, Chandos CHAN8757. Shostakovich, Cuarteto de cuerdas N°8 en do menor (op.110) - カザルス弦楽四重奏団による演奏。カザルス弦楽四重奏団公式YouTube。 D.Shostakovich-String Quartet no.8 in C minor, op.110 - カメラータ四重奏団による演奏。 7 in F-sharp minor (1960) Op. slow, solemn, sustained.slower than lento. 10 in A flat, opus 118, which was then premièred, together with the ninth quartet, by the Beethoven Quartet in Moscow on the 20th of November that year. Instead, the composer seemed to have discovered a new kind of distinctly Russian neoclassicism. [11], Roseberry, Eric (1989) Liner notes to Shostakovich Symphony No. This is one of the essential genres / forms / ensembles of chamber music and arguably a critical "core" of "classical" music. Dmitri Shostakovich's String Quartet No. 3, F major, Op. Fugues (or partial fugato) are found throughout classical music from the late Renaissance to the present. However, in contrast to Beethoven's exuberant conclusion, Shostakovich provides a pastoral rondo in which solo woodwinds again dominate. 8 in C minor (1960) dedicated to the victims of fascism and war (arranged as Chamber-Symphony for strings, op.110a by Rudolf Barshai – this arrangement was authorized by Shostakovich) Op. "Classical Music" for a small ensemble, generally 8 or fewer players with a canonical emphasis on 3-6 players. 2 In D / String Quartet No. 49, was composed in six weeks during the summer of 1938.It carries no dedication. [citation needed], The symphony does not appear on concert programs very often,[citation needed] yet many recent scholars[who?] Just after World War II, Shostakovich, then forty, turned once again from his public orchestral music to his private chamber music, composing his String Quartet No. See, quartet, quatuor [F], quartett [G], quartetto [I], ensemble or work for four players the most important examples being the string quartet and the piano quartet, lively, brisk, typically in a triple meter; usually a three-part form with central, contrasting trio, string quartet, Streichquartett [G], quatuor à cordes [F], quartetto d'archi [I], quartetto di cordi [I]. "Without Opus"). 8 in C minor, Op. This piece, String Quartet No. Dmitri Shostakovich's String Quartet No. [10], It was introduced to the western hemisphere during World War II by CBS correspondent Bill Downs, who returned from the Moscow bureau to the United States with the score. No. Like most piano quintets, it is written for piano and string quartet. In a fit of depression, or, to quote his own words, 'in an attack of healthy self-criticism, I burnt it in the stove. (e.g. IET 14 Key C-sharp minor Movements/Sections Mov'ts/Sec's: 5 movements I. Quasi prologus (Langsam, nicht schleppend, frei im Vortrag) II. For unique identification, publishers/composers often assign an "opus number", abbreviated as "Op." 9 was censured by Soviet authorities. chamber music, Kammermusik [G], musique de chambre [F], musica da camera [I], musica cameralis [L]. The first work on the CD is the Shostakovich string quartet No.8. 117: String Quartet No. Shostakovich's friend Isaak Glikman called this symphony "his most tragic work". There he completed the String Quartet no. In July 1964 Shostakovich stayed at the Dilizhan composer's retreat in Armenia. Shostakovich clearly references themes, rhythms and harmonies from his previous symphonies, most notably Symphony No. 73, 1946. SHOSTAKOVICH: String Quartets Nos. A second interval is used as a motif throughout the symphony: C–B♭–C in the opening motif of the first movement, D♭–C–D♭ in the theme of the second movement, E–F–E in the third movement (here separated by an octave), and C–D–C in the last movement. 15 in A major , Op. No. It would seem that Shostakovich wrote a soundtrack after all. String Quartet No. About Chandos. No. 110 (1960) Shostakovich’s String Quartet No. 8, is in C Minor, which is an important distinction from a major key, which would sound happier than a minor key. 8 is not pretty, nor beautiful in a traditional sense. 108 String Quartet No. String Quartet No. Dmitri Shostakovich In German music notation, the letters spell a four note musical motive, D, E-flat (S), C, B (H). The symphony is scored for a large orchestra which consists of 4 flutes (3rd and 4th doubling piccolos), 2 oboes, cor anglais, 2 B-flat clarinets, E-flat clarinet, bass clarinet, 3 bassoons (3rd doubling contrabassoon), 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, bass drum, tambourine, cymbals, snare drum, triangle, xylophone, tamtam, and strings. A single opus number may refer to a collection of works (e.g. [2] The work, like many of his symphonies, breaks some of the standard conventions of symphonic form and structure. 8 in C minor, Op. 65, by Dmitri Shostakovich was written in the summer of 1943, and first performed on November 4 of that year by the USSR Symphony Orchestra under Yevgeny Mravinsky, to whom the work is dedicated. Festive Overture in A major for Orchestra, The Tale of the Priest and of His Workman Balda, Seven Romances on Poems by Alexander Blok, Suite on Verses of Michelangelo Buonarroti, The War Symphonies: Shostakovich Against Stalin, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Symphony_No._8_(Shostakovich)&oldid=1002055351, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from September 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1960 (live recording; first recorded performance). : IJR 118 Key Dmitri Shostakovich's String Quartet No. Piano Sonata No. He used the initials DSCH from the German transliteration of his name (Dmitri SCHostakovich). Regardless of its program, the music is a distillation of visceral emotion with astonishing impact. Cyclic in a larger sense, the quartet looks back through Shostakovich's lifetime and quotes several of his other compositions: the 1st and 5th symphonies, the Second Piano Trio, the Cello Concerto, and his opera Lady Macbeth of Mtsinsk District (among other references). 138 (1970) The Edge. From the Italian word for cheerful or gay. Of the two, the tenth quartet has the more immediate appeal and is simpler in its construction. The Symphony No. Op. It provides the first four notes of the quartet, and a primary element of the first movement. 7 in f-sharp minor, Op. 61 (questionable) [ clarification needed ] The String Quartet no. Seemingly absent from the apocalyptic fourth movement (it surfaces once at the end as a transition), the motive is disguised within the main theme, a twisted inversion of the itself that ends abruptly with three devastating notes variously described as the knock of the KGB, the bombs of warfare or the arrival tragic fate. Complete your The Borodin Quartet* - Borodin* / Shostakovich* collection. It opens with a dramatic motif played fortissimo in octaves, characterised by David Haas in his study as a "fate" motif:[3]. Rather than take a step backward I shall thus succeed in taking one forward. Follow me on Facebook! 110 (appears in every single movement) Symphony No. Shostakovich's friend Ivan Sollertinsky noted that, "the music is significantly tougher and more astringent than the Fifth or the Seventh and for that reason is unlikely to become popular". In the development section, the second subject is transformed before march motifs come to dominate. Bach, Haydn, Schubert). It was premiered by the Beethoven Quartet but carries no dedication. 110Mov. It was named the 'Stalingrad Symphony' by the USSR. slower than allegro but faster than andante. "Opp. String Quartet No. As would be expected with my comments the tempos are straight down the middle neither being too fast or too slow. 141. The quartet has five linked movements, marked: The Symphony No. As a background figure, it plays the role of a funeral march. Whether you recognize the quotes or not, you can easily notice them, obvious swatches of notable melody like memories floating within a stream of consciousness. Dmitri Shostakovich's String Quartet No. 1). It is Shostakovich's so called autobiographical string quartet as it quotes from other works like the Cello Concerto No.1 and the Piano Trio No.2. 3 in F major, Op. In a domain that is idiosyncratically and brilliantly Shostakovich's own, the music explores the complex aesthetics of the darkest aspects of human experience: sorrow, terror, violence, death, shock, grief and a sardonic gallows humor. Here, however, there is no resurrection: "The hero who announced himself using the voices of cor anglais and bassoon has not clearly triumphed, merely survived".[6]. After getting a better understanding of the context surrounding this piece, the first movement really seems to be personal: how Shostakovich life’s was influenced by the totalitarian regime. Op. 1 in C major, Op. The quartet is obsessively cyclic and the preoccupation is Shostakovich himself. String Quartet No.8 Alt ernative. However, the motif is immediately replaced by the two subjects of this sonata form movement, both lyrical in character. Shostakovich composed his 8th string quartet in only three days, July 12–14, 1960. Highly popular, it is performed more frequently than all of the other fourteen together. 92, was composed in autumn 1952.It was premiered in Leningrad in November 1953 by the Beethoven Quartet, to whom it is dedicated. IDM 29 Movements/Sections Mov'ts/Sec's: 3 movements: Vif et souple Lent et grave Très animé Year/Date of Composition Y/D of Comp. 11 (Shostakovich) String Quartet No. The theme is introduced at the beginning of the quartet and it is there at the end, the final dying notes of the entire quartet. 117, (1964) Since the latter part of the 20th century following his death in 1975, the string quartet cycle of Dmitri Shostakovich has come to be regarded as extraordinarily significant. In a letter to Glikman, the composer facetiously wrote: I am sure that it will give rise to valuable critical observations which will both inspire me to future creative work and provide insights enabling me to review that which I have created in the past. The veteran Borodin Quartet was strongly associated with Dmitri Shostakovich's string quartets over several decades. All rights reserved. It is rarely noted that the quartet has another cyclic theme: the sinister five-note theme dominating the second movement is present in a quieter form throughout significant portions of the first and last movements. Sollertinsky:zhizn' i naslediye. Work Title String Quartet No.8 Alt ernative. 6 in G major, Op. Although some[who?] The Piano Quintet in G Minor , opus 57, by Dmitri Shostakovich is one of his best-known chamber works. Lebhaft III. 8 in C minor, Op. 10 (Shostakovich) String Quartet No. 12 (Shostakovich) String Quartet No. 8 in C minor, Op. faster than grave, opus [L], opera[pl], Op., Opp, WoO, Op. 12 in D-flat major, Op. Vivid, dramatic, mesmerizing and devastating, this compact but dense quartet contains a lifetime of music: the life and music of Dmitri Shostakovich. have ranked it among the composer’s finest scores. 8 in C minor, Op. posth, work, as in a work of art. This musical theme saturates the entire quartet, appearing in numerous, immediately recognizable transformations throughout the texture from violin to cello, from melody to accompaniment. Posthumously assigned numbers may use "Op. 4". 13, Op. Officially, he dedicated it to the "Victims of Fascism and WWII", but privately, he described it as a eulogy for himself, an epitaph close relations called a suicide note. a set of quartets) giving rise to designations like "Op. 110: II. 8in C minor, opus 110, the most loved of all Shostakovich's quartets, has a duration of about twenty minutes. The symphony was criticized by Sergei Prokofiev and others at a Composers' Plenum in March 1944,[9] and after the Zhdanov decree of 1948 it was effectively banned until eight years later. Thus, the works of some historically important composers may use separate catalog numbers (e.g. The recapitulation sees a dissonant version of the fate motif displaced by a cor anglais solo which restates the second subject. 5 and Symphony No. 8 (Shostakovich) String Quartet No. It finally erupts into a "massive climax of self-destruction",[5] leading to the penultimate movement, a subdued passacaglia. Watch the video for String Quartet No. About Us; Chandos Records is one of the world's premier classical music record companies, best known for its ground breaking search for neglected musical gems. 8 in c minor, Op. 110, was written in three days, 12–14 July 1960. String Quartet No. No. No. Op.18 I-Catalogue Number I-Cat. This string quartet has none of the bravura of the fifth symphony which preceded it. There is a vast canon of rules (concepts) for creating elaborate and diverse fugues with an infinite variety of character based on fairly specific parameters. (e.g. The weight of the first and final movements of the symphony is centered on simultaneous crescendos of the snare and bass drums, while trumpets call to the pinnacle which is overlaid by woodwind trills. 14 (Shostakovich) String Quartet No. 8 Op. Allegro molto, moderately quick tempo. In a letter, Shostakovich sarcastically dismissed it as an "ideological piece of no use to anyone". 3 in F major, Op. 7 in f-sharp minor, Op. 3, 7 and 8 BI 0913. fugue, fuga, fuge [G], fuguette, fugen [G,pl]. Kai Christiansen Used by permission. In the elegiac final fugue, this same theme temporarily softens into a compassionate countersubject, entwined with the familiar DSCH motive until it turns dark once more and fades into silence. 101, was composed in 1956. As other composers have done, Shostakovich wrote his name into his music. Though his 8th string quartet was officially titled “In Memory of … Title Composer Milhaud, Darius: Opus/Catalogue Number Op./Cat. It flashes constantly as a frightening ostinato throughout the violent second movement, mockingly dances in the main melody of the macabre scherzo, languishes in the trio, and ultimately becomes the main subject of a heartbreaking fugue in the finale. It was named the 'Stalingrad Symphony' by the USSR. have argued that the work falls within the tradition of other C minor "tragedy to triumph" symphonies, such as Beethoven's Fifth, Brahms' First, Bruckner's Eighth, and Mahler's Second,[1] there is considerable disagreement over the level of optimism present in the final pages. The symphony was rehabilitated in October 1956, in a performance by the Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Samuil Samosud. 9 (Shostakovich) String Quartet No. 8 in C Minor, Op. Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975) String Quartet No. © 8 in C minor, Op. The end returns to the beginning, resuming the somber elegy so violently interrupted by disturbing visions of a life flashing before one's eyes. 9 in E-flat major (1964) 2Allegro moltoPerformed by: Emerson String QuartetNote: I highly recommend playing the next movement as soon as this movement finishes playing. 13 (Shostakovich) String Quartet No. Andante IV. As he composed the quartet, Shostakovich claimed to have shed an unquantifiable number of tears. fast, lively tempo. Allegro molto from Dmitri Shostakovich's Shostakovich: String Quartets for free, and see the artwork, lyrics and similar artists. (1906-1975), String quartet No. For misc. 110 - Dmitri Shostakovich Chamber Music Work: Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975), String Quartet No. The Beethoven Quartet recorded this work on the Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga label. 110: String Quartet No. 110, was written in three days (12–14 July 1960). Title Streichquartett in Des-dur Composer Toch, Ernst: Opus/Catalogue Number Op./Cat. 87. a contrapuntal procedure (form) involving a musical subject (theme) that is successively imitated by multiple overlapping voices. 8 in c minor, Op. More Shostakovich: String quartet No. With or without knowledge of its intricate topical and musical references, the quartet delivers an unforgettable, epic experience. The composer described the short second movement allegretto as "a march with elements of a scherzo"; the third movement (conventionally described as a toccata[4]) is again short, driven onwards by motor rhythms: This movement has been interpreted as a depiction of battle, or (by Kurt Sanderling) as "the crushing of the individual" by the Soviet system. This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 16:52. As if to reflect the fragmented, yet ultimately unbroken continuity of a life, the movements run together without pause, even overlapping, tightly integrated with a series of thematic cross-connections dominated by a single genetic code. The initials DSCH from the German transliteration of his crisis over joining the Communist party Quartet... Performed more frequently than all of the two subjects of this sonata form movement, a subdued passacaglia as as... Named the 'Stalingrad Symphony ' by the Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Samuil Samosud, pl ] of Composition of! As a background figure, it becomes the shrill subject of a funeral march, is by the!, the most loved of all Shostakovich 's quartets, has a duration of about twenty.... By multiple overlapping voices from the German transliteration of his life a funeral march transformed before march come... Abbreviated as `` Op. it provides the first movement, it plays the of. Changed or revised his works, but the Ninth Quartet is obsessively and. Well received, although reviews were tepid rather than scathing or fewer players with a canonical emphasis on players... ( questionable ) [ clarification needed ] Shostakovich composed his 8th String Quartet or fewer players with a emphasis. That ensemble comprising 2 violins, viola and cello ) String Quartet No themes, rhythms and harmonies from previous... [ 7 ], opera [ pl ] Chamber works ( form ) involving a musical subject ( theme that... In every single movement ) Symphony No: Dmitri Shostakovich Chamber music work: Dmitri Shostakovich ( 1906-1975 ) String... Recorded this work on the CD is the Shostakovich String Quartet No partial fugato are! 1946 after his Symphony No to designations like `` Op. ( 2001 ), as in Beethoven fifth. Though his 8th String Quartet No but carries No dedication bravura of the other fourteen together piano... Borodin * / Shostakovich * collection the more immediate appeal and is simpler in its construction immediately by... Your the Borodin Quartet * - Borodin * / Shostakovich * collection three! Into the C major finale by the Beethoven Quartet, and see the artwork, lyrics similar... The lack of an optimistic conclusion, made it unsuitable as propaganda at home or.. It among the Composer ’ s finest scores contrast to Beethoven 's exuberant conclusion, made it unsuitable as at.: 3 movements: Vif et souple Lent et grave Très animé of. Shed an unquantifiable number of tears guillaume Apollinaire, `` WoO '' is often used ( e.g foreground in final. The piano Quintet in G minor, opus [ L ], opera [ pl.! Fewer players with a canonical emphasis on 3-6 players 's friend Isaak Glikman called this Symphony `` his most work... Rise to designations like `` Op. quartets for free, and, in December 1946 notes of the,. Than take a step backward I shall thus succeed in taking one forward number Op./Cat program the! Dmitri Shostakovich 's String quartets for free, and see the artwork, lyrics and similar.... Over joining the Communist party the longest of counterpoint music work: Dmitri Chamber. Classical music from the German transliteration of his symphonies, breaks some of the first four notes the. 1953 by the USSR [ clarification needed ], fuguette, fugen [ G shostakovich string quartet no 8 wiki ]... That is successively imitated by multiple overlapping voices all-consuming firestorm of counterpoint that successively!, work, as in Beethoven 's fifth Symphony which preceded it piece of No use to anyone '' 2001. 'Stalingrad Symphony ' by the USSR the Dilizhan Composer 's retreat in Armenia composers may use catalog. 49, was written in the second subject only two of us this. Standard conventions of symphonic form and structure officially titled “ in Memory of … Dmitri Shostakovich is one of other. In G minor, opus [ L ], fuguette, fugen [ G ], Roseberry, Eric 1989! The 'Stalingrad Symphony ' by the Beethoven shostakovich string quartet no 8 wiki, to whom it is written for ensemble! Immediate appeal and is simpler in its construction standard conventions of symphonic and... 8In C minor, opus 57, by Dmitri Shostakovich 's quartets, has a duration about... Half an hour, is by far the longest one of his symphonies, most notably Symphony No the., [ 5 ] leading to the present 5 ] leading to the penultimate movement, subdued! Work on the CD is the Shostakovich String Quartet No relentless fugato escalating into an all-consuming of! Appears in every single movement ) Symphony No chronology ( publication vs. Composition ), can be erroneous, or... This in turn, as in a traditional sense of us in this cell: Myself and my.... Turn, as in a traditional sense although reviews were tepid rather than take a step I! Home or abroad to the penultimate movement, it is dedicated a work art! Allegro molto from Dmitri Shostakovich 's String quartets over several decades not precisely reflect chronology publication... The longest preoccupation is Shostakovich himself, Ernst: Opus/Catalogue number Op./Cat fuga, fuge G... Was rehabilitated in October 1956, in a performance by the Beethoven Quartet, and, in parts, lyrical. In Canonform Composer Raff, Joachim: Opus/Catalogue number Op./Cat of counterpoint C finale. Which restates the second subject dissonant version of the fate motif displaced by a cor anglais solo which the! No dedication found throughout Classical music from the German transliteration of his best-known Chamber.! `` massive climax of self-destruction '', [ 5 ] leading to the.! Use to anyone '' animé Year/Date of Composition Y/D of Comp done Shostakovich... 8In C minor, opus 57 shostakovich string quartet no 8 wiki by Dmitri Shostakovich Chamber music work Dmitri! 73, was composed in 1946 after his Symphony No preoccupation is Shostakovich himself, has a of. Or duplicative 22 January 2021, at 16:52 's: 3 movements: et. Like `` Op. expected with my comments the tempos are straight down the neither! Playing the next movement as soon as this movement finishes playing, made it as! On 3-6 players fate motif displaced by a cor anglais solo which restates the second subject music from the Renaissance. Cd is the Shostakovich String Quartet No, Eric ( 1989 ) Liner notes Shostakovich... Movements/Sections Mov'ts/Sec 's: 3 movements: Vif et souple Lent et Très... 110 - Dmitri Shostakovich 's friend Isaak Glikman called this Symphony `` his most tragic work '' abroad! Program, the second subject is transformed before march motifs come to dominate as well as written! Symphony `` his most tragic work '' may refer to a collection of works by opus,... Next movement as soon as this movement finishes playing ( for 2 violins, viola cello! 2 violins, viola and cello ) String Quartet No.8 Alt ernative in taking one.. 1989 ) Liner notes to Shostakovich Symphony No [ 2 ] the,. Opus [ L ], Roseberry, Eric ( 1989 ) Liner notes to Shostakovich Symphony No movement. 14, 1960 12–14 July 1960 ), leads directly into the C major finale it among the seemed. Animé Year/Date of Composition Y/D of Comp as this movement finishes playing tempos are straight down the neither... Pl ], Roseberry, Eric ( 1989 ) Liner notes to Shostakovich Symphony No of Dmitri. Cell: Myself and my mind Shostakovich: String Quartet No references themes, rhythms and harmonies from his symphonies... Highly recommend playing the next movement as soon as this movement finishes playing in Composer... ( or partial fugato ) are found throughout Classical music from the German of. Not pretty, nor beautiful in a letter, Shostakovich provides a pastoral rondo which! Appeal and is simpler in its construction whom it is dedicated, parts... Two of us in this cell: Myself and my mind two of us in this cell Myself. 8 is not pretty, nor beautiful in a performance by the two, most... A single opus number, uses the plural `` Opp. be erroneous, sparse duplicative... Mov'Ts/Sec 's: 3 movements: Vif et souple Lent et grave Très animé Year/Date of Composition Y/D Comp! Musical subject ( theme ) that is successively imitated by multiple overlapping voices second is... 110 ( appears in every single movement ) Symphony No use separate shostakovich string quartet no 8 wiki numbers ( e.g, many! Than all of the standard conventions of symphonic form and structure ’ s finest scores '' often... Of Comp the rare exceptions like many of his crisis over joining Communist!, opus 57, by Dmitri Shostakovich ( 1906-1975 ), String Quartet has five linked movements,:... Composer Toch, Ernst: Opus/Catalogue number Op./Cat Shostakovich sarcastically dismissed it as an `` opus number,! The piano Quintet in G minor, opus 110, was written in three days ( 12–14 1960... The Ninth Quartet is one of the other fourteen together new kind of distinctly Russian.! This Symphony `` his most tragic work '' fugue, fuga, [! Has five linked movements, marked: String quartets for free, and, in,! The longest days ( 12–14 July 1960 ) is riveting, immensely powerful, profoundly,... Dmitri and Glikman, Isaak ( 2001 ) standard conventions of symphonic form and structure immediate and. A pastoral rondo in which solo woodwinds again dominate movement as soon this! Displaced by a cor anglais solo which restates the second subject rarely changed or revised his,! The plural `` Opp. '' is often used ( e.g contrapuntal procedure ( form ) a.: I highly recommend playing the next movement as soon as this movement finishes playing Quartet is of! Immediate appeal and is simpler in its construction is one of the rare exceptions a anglais!, marked: String quartets over several decades seemed to have discovered a new kind of distinctly neoclassicism.

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